Getterbeds in tritium and hydrogen handling are used for the entrapment, storage, purification and dispensing.
Safe, since tritium is in a solid form in the getter material
Store tritium, permanently or temporarily on getter bed
Remove impurities from tritium streams
Extract tritium from inert gas flows
By application of heat, some getter material will readily release tritium
Small - large volumes of hydrogen can be stored on a small amount of getter material
Getter beds come in many forms, sizes and types. Sizes range from 1 gram of getter material to about 5 KG, though larger sizes are possible.
Types of getter beds include the materials they employ such as Depleted Uranium, Zirconium Iron, Nickel, Titanium, Zirconium Cobalt, etc. All bed materials have different properties and may be used under different circumstances.
There are two main operating types, storage and scavenging beds. Scavenging beds will be used to remove tritium from process gas lines; storage beds may be used to draw tritium from an evacuated system onto the beds and may have only one connection.
1 Gram uranium dispenser bed
Some getter beds may have an inlet and an outlet and one or two annulus connections to assist in circulation or purging. Both bed types can be used to deliver tritium into a system provided heat can be applied to their shells. Heat is sometimes applied externally by inserting the bed into an external heater assembly, this may be the case with a transfer bed used to introduce tritium into a system for example, or it may be applied from a built-in heater permanently attached to the bed depending on the service required. Some heaters are of the conventional band heater type, others for longer life may be inset into grooves in the pressure vessel and may be of the tubular type.
Where high tritium levels are anticipated, and the getter bed is to be frequently heated, a doubly contained bed, comprising one vessel inside another may be provided.
Doubly contained getter beds usually have internal heaters, and if so, will probably have a purged annulus. If access to the annulus for maintenance is appropriate, the beds may be flanged. Some situations call for the getterbeds not to be flanged but fully welded instead, because tritium levels inside the annulus can become high. In these cases auxiliary heaters, or standby heaters and thermocouples are frequently provided to provide back up in case of failure of the working heaters or thermocouples.
Tyne also fabricates a simple getterbed complete with insulation and built-in heater. These beds are of good appearance have an outer shield of stainless steel to contain the insulation and can be built with low heat conduction ceramic heaters to minimize heat loss. They also have two thermocouples, a nameplate with the quantity and type of getter identified, and can also be fitted with a stand-by heater.
Simple, Single Shell Zirconium Iron Bed
Tyne personnel will be pleased to discuss bed types required by clients, estimate a price and deliver beds of the finest quality and incorporating many years of experience. Some beds require approval by Canadian Nuclear Materials Control authorities before shipment . Where this is the case Tyne will assist the customer to obtain the necessary approvals.
Two 100 Gram Flanged Uranium Beds Installed in a Glove Box
|Containment||Double or single containment|
|Getter Materials||Depleted Uranium, Zerconium-Iron, Nickel, Zirconium cobalt, Titanium, Molecular Sieve, etc.|
|Size||1 to 5000 grams of getter materials|
|Quality||ASME Section VIII Div 1, ISO 9001-2000|
|Valves||One valve up to four valve beds|
|Types||Storage, dispensing, scavenging|
|Design||Custom made to clients requirements|